The function of Pancreas
The pancreas is an important part of the digestive system of the body. Approx six-inch-long gland located near the liver and upper side of the small intestine.
The functions of the pancreas have a major role in body metabolism, the pancreas is an endocrine gland (hormones secreting gland).
The pancreas secretes the blood sugar-regulating hormones likes, insulin, and glucagon. The insulin hormone lowers blood glucose levels when blood glucose levels high (more than 100mg/dl).
Right blood glucose levels in the body are very important for body organs, liver, kidney, nervous system, and cardiovascular system (heart), brain, and other parts.
Lack of insulin secretion by pancreas causes, both type 1, type 2 diabetes.
Types of diabetes:
Diabetes mellitus type-1: In this type of diabetes, which our body does not make enough insulin to control blood sugar levels (burn blood glucose), previously it was known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus type-2: In this type of diabetes, which our body produces insulin but not enough, or it resists insulin for any cause, this is also called hyperglycemia, is also known as non-insulin-dependent. It is a milder form of diabetes than type-1 but in future may be chronic if not treated well.
Read more about diabetes-
The pancreas also is a part digestive process, the pancreas secretes digestive enzyme, hormone and sends it via the bile duct into the duodenum. These digestive enzymes hormones are amylase, amylase, trypsin, and chymotrypsin.
-The amylase to digest carbohydrates
- The lipase to digest fats
- The chymotrypsin and trypsin, digest proteins
Lack of these hormones, our digestive system may be impaired.
As we see how the pancreas is most important to our body and life.